Family law involves handling legal issues and is a practice area on its own. They involve issues like adoption, family relationships, child custody, and divorce. There are also matters like paternity suits, emancipation or matters which are not directly related to divorce. Reasonable formal requirements can be asked by the state for marriage which generally are related to legal capacity and age. There are majority states where same sex marriage is not yet legal. But this situation is rapidly changing, and hence this is also a matter which comes under the family law. Individual states have different laws and procedures related to divorce and other matters pertaining to family issues.


When dealing with Family Law, there are certain terms that one should be aware of like emancipation which is a court process which handles a process through which a minor comes of age and becomes self supporting and is ready for assuming adult responsibilities for own welfare, and is an independent entity where he or she is no longer under the care or influence of the parents or guardians. When there is the issue of division of property one has acquired during marriage (either spouse), it is the marital property law which handles this. Alimony law is mainly concerned with the allowance that is supposed to be extended by a spouse after legal separation or divorce, and when the same is not being followed according to the set laws. Paternity laws deal with issues where it is required to establish paternity to confirm a child’s biological father, origin or descent from a father. There is also the matter of prenuptial agreement which is made between parties intending to get married in which there can be several clauses and different agreements that are drawn out by the parties concerned and which are to be exercised in the event of a death or divorce.