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There are many people who are prepared to spend a lot of money for adoption and that has created many complications in the process where malpractices and corruption have become frequent. The money factor creates a dominant market force that sometimes is supplied by building orphanages and bringing in children to fill them. Child trafficking hence has become an evil which is mainly to meet the demand and though it has been well documented over the years, numerous articles and studies has been submitted on the subject but still the human traffic business is thriving and flourishing.
The law that is prevalent for inter country adoption is known as the Hague Convention and mainly is a guide for the regulations and rules related to the process of adopting a child which is from some other nation and can also be termed as inter country adoption. The law starts with recognizing the fact that a child, should grow up in a family environment, in an atmosphere of love, happiness, and understanding for the harmonious and full development of his or her individuality. The law is there to enforce that inter country adoption may offer the benefit of a stable family to a child for whom an appropriate family cannot be found in his or her country of origin. But also, it makes it a rule and reminds the governments that appropriate measures should be taken as a matter of priority to enable a child to remain in the care of his or her family of origin till all the necessary investigation about the adopting family is complete.
The law is a set of safeguards and guidelines which should include reporting requirements including transparency to make sure that the inter country adoption is in the best interest of the child (to prevent the abduction, the sale of, or traffic in children) and there is no other intention involved, and that it will provide the child with his or her fundamental rights.